How to prevent pregnancy Temporarily and Permanently
Knowing how to prevent pregnancy is a vital necessity for women, because it is you who should be in total control of what happens to your body. That does not mean that contraception or prevention of pregnancy is entirely the woman’s responsibility.
No, it is not! Laws of many nations consider the male partner to be responsible for pregnancy, so that certainly means that men need to know and practice methods of preventing unwanted pregnancies.
Reasons to Prevent Pregnancy.
There are many different reasons for wanting to prevent pregnancy. Most of the times, it is done to prevent an unwanted pregnancy in sexual encounters that are not yet legally bound by marriage.
Equally common cause for preventing pregnancy is the need to space out the birth of children in a family.
This is better known as family planning and medical professionals recommend maintaining at least a gap of 3.5 years between the births of each child in the family.
Yet other reasons may be medical conditions in the mother that may pose a risk for the unborn baby, or medical conditions in mother that could worsen due to pregnancy, for six months or a year following abortion/ miscarriage etc.
How to Prevent Pregnancy Naturally
The best and fool proof way to prevent pregnancy naturally is only one- practice abstinence from sex. While this method may not be quite acceptable to many couples, there could be no other method that is so fool proof and guaranteed.
All other methods have varying amounts of risk of failure, resulting in pregnancy. There are many natural methods used in addition to abstinence like withdrawal method (coitus interruptus), ovulation monitoring method, engaging in sex only during menses, checking cervical mucus thickness, checking basal body temperature method etc.
How to Prevent Pregnancy Using Contraceptives
The first kind of contraceptive used in the history of mankind were said to be spermicidal pessaries that were prepared from natural sources like plant extracts, gum of trees, crocodile dung etc used by the Egyptians as early as 1850.
Thankfully mankind has progressed far beyond using dung of animals for contraception. Currently popular contraceptives are condoms, diaphragms as barrier methods, spermicidal jellies or tablets placed in the vagina before intercourse, hormonal injections to prevent fertilization, intrauterine devices and oral contraceptive pills.
How to Prevent Pregnancy Permanently
In addition to the temporary methods that are described above, there are some permanent methods of prevention of pregnancy too. These methods are viable for married couples who have already completed their family and do not wish to conceive anymore in future. Men can undergo vasectomy procedure as a method of permanent prevention of pregnancy in their female sexual partner/s.
Here the tubes that transfer sperm to the urethra are cut and tied back to prevent the sperms from entering the ejaculate. Similar options are available for women and the procedure is called tubectomy or tubal ligation. The fallopian tubes that transfer the ovum from the ovaries to the uterine cavity are cut and stitched up.
While vasectomy is irreversible, tubectomy may be reversed if there is a change of heart considering need for more children in the future.
Essure is another non-surgical permanent contraception in women that involves insertion of small metal coils in the fallopian tubes. Over time the body generated scar tissue over the foreign body and this scar tissue helps in completely obstructs the fallopian tubes and prevents any ovum from reaching the uterus and preventing pregnancy.
Adiana is another non-surgical permanent method that involves use of inserts in the fallopian tube and relies on the scar tissue that is created to block the fallopian tubes and prevent pregnancy.
Now that you know how to prevent pregnancy, it is up to you to make the right choices.